Abstract Number: PB1075
Meeting: ISTH 2020 Congress
Background: .Physical activity is beneficial to persons with haemophilia (PWH) because it’s been shown to improve joint, bone and muscle health. Even though awareness is being created and PWH are encouraged to indulge in physical activities, no study has described the level of physical activities of our PWH.
Aims: Description of physical activity and fitness levels of PWH in Nigeria.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey of PWH where a pre-tested, pre-validated, interviewer-administered modified PAQ_CAP1_1 (NHANES 2015) questionnaire was used. Measurable outcomes include level and intensity of physical activity and participation in physical fitness.
Results: Twenty-seven PWH participated, majority were ≤20years (77.7%), have haemophilia A (92.6%) with moderate severity (59.3%). The annualized bleeding rate was ≥6 in 44.4% of them, 85.2% had target joints while 88.9% had developed arthropathy. More than half (59.2%) of them performed little or no physical activity. Of those that perform significant activity, only 22.2% were continuously active for a minimum of 10minutes a day with mean number of days in a week of 4.8(1.5)days. Most of the respondents (74.1%) did not take up to 10minutes walk a day in a typical week. Only 33.3% of the subjects engaged in vigorous sports fitness, mostly a day in a week (44.4%) of about 20minutes (55.6%). About 57.2% of the participants performed moderate intensity sports 5days a week. The highest physical activities engaged by the subjects were walking (30.8%) and football (23.1%). Sixty-three percent of the subjects engaged in physical activities to strengthen their muscles and 40.7% spent 10-30 minutes to be physically active each day.
Conclusions: A good number of PWH in Nigeria still do not engage in significant physical activity and fitness. Walking was still the major activity performed by them. More efforts should be made toward educating PWH and their care givers on the need to engage in more physical activities.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Okoye H, Nwagha T, Chigbo N, Anekwu E. A Descriptive Study of Physical Activity and Fitness Level Profiles of Nigerians with Haemophila [abstract]. Res Pract Thromb Haemost. 2020; 4 (Suppl 1). https://abstracts.isth.org/abstract/a-descriptive-study-of-physical-activity-and-fitness-level-profiles-of-nigerians-with-haemophila/. Accessed May 16, 2021.
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