Abstract Number: PB1053
Meeting: ISTH 2020 Congress
Background: Home care represents a significant challenge in management of hemophilia in developing countries like Egypt. There are many barriers against optimum home treatment. Lack of knowledge and limited skills are of utmost importance.
Aims: To investigate whether or not a simplified educational health program can improve knowledge and practices of adolescents with hemophilia about home treatment.
Methods: A comparative cross sectional study was conducted on 50 adolescents with hemophilia A at hemophilia outpatient clinic of Zagazig university hospitals. Three tools were used in this study. The first was a structured interview questionnaire sheet. The second was a clinical checklist to evaluate self-infusion of the hemophiliac adolescents with Factor VIII. The third was the health education program. Patients were assessed at three time points (before health education program as a pretest, immediately after as a post test and 2 months after as a follow up test).
Results: The mean age of our patients was 14.74 years. 84% of the studied group didn´t practice home treatment. Inability of self-injection, inability to calculate dose, lack of treatment products were the most common causes. There was a significant improvement in hemophiliac adolescents´ knowledge and practices throughout three phases of the study regarding treatment and home care and this was particularly evident in the immediate post-test.
Conclusions: A simplified health education program can improve knowledge and practices of adolescents with hemophilia A regarding treatment and home care. Regular patient education through periodic refreshing courses is strongly recommended to maintain adequate knowledge and satisfactory practices.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Hassan T, Hesham M, El Dakhakhny A, Zakaria M, Hanfy M. A Simplified Health Education Program Improves Knowledge and Practices of Home Treatment in Hemophilia A Adolescents in a Developing Country [abstract]. Res Pract Thromb Haemost. 2020; 4 (Suppl 1). https://abstracts.isth.org/abstract/a-simplified-health-education-program-improves-knowledge-and-practices-of-home-treatment-in-hemophilia-a-adolescents-in-a-developing-country/. Accessed May 6, 2021.
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