Abstract Number: PB0025
Meeting: ISTH 2021 Congress
Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is characterised by atherosclerotic narrowing of peripheral arteries. Despite current medical treatment strategies, the incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality remains high in PAD populations.
Aims: To characterise PAD patients at increased risk for cardiovascular events and mortality.
Methods: Between 2018 and 2020, 250 PAD outpatients (17 newly diagnosed, 233 with known PAD) were enrolled in this observational cohort study. The study was approved by the ethical review board of MUMC+ and all participants gave written informed consent. Patient data and blood samples were collected upon inclusion and the composite endpoint (myocardial infarction, elective coronary revascularisation, stroke, acute limb ischemia, mortality) was evaluated after one year. Platelet reactivity was assessed using citrated platelet-poor plasma in the VerifyNow assay and medication adherence was assessed by the licensed Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 (MMAS-8) developed by Morisky et al, categorised as high (8 points), medium (6-7) and low (<6).
Results: The cohort comprised 211 claudicants and 39 chronic limb ischemia patients. Twenty-six patients reached the composite endpoint (Table 1). Prior myocardial infarction (OR 3.2 (1.4-7.3)), stroke (OR 4.4 (1.8-10.6)), aortic plaque formation (OR 3.2 (1-10.8)) and higher creatinine (OR 5.1 (2.1-12.1)), but lower high-density lipoprotein (OR 4.1 (1.5-11.4)) and haemoglobin levels (OR 3 (1.3-6.8)) were associated with events. Overall medication adherence was sufficient (75.6% highly adherent), although high adherence was associated with events (OR 4.3 (1-18.7)) due to increased awareness. Patients with events had more high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) on aspirin (OR 6.1 (1-3-28.3)) and clopidogrel (OR 4.5 (1-20.7))) (Figure 1).
Mean±SD / n (%)
Mean±SD / n (%)
|No event group
Mean±SD / n (%)
|Male gender||144 (57.6)||17 (65.4)||127 (56.7)||0.396|
|Current smoking||95 (38)||11 (42.3)||84 (37.5)||0.633|
|Body Mass Index||26.5±4.4||27.4±5.9||26.4±4.2||0.403|
|Diabetes Mellitus II||69 (27.6)||10 (38.5)||59 (26.3)||0.191|
|Lipid-lowering agents||225 (90)||23 (88.5)||202 (90.2)||0.388|
|Antihypertensive agents||183 (73.2)||19 (73.1)||164 (73.2)||0.832|
|Antiplatelet agents||250 (100)||26 (100)||224 (100)||1.000|
Conclusions: PAD patients at increased risk for events had more often a prior myocardial infarction or stroke, extensive atherosclerosis with aortic plaque formation and renal insufficiency. Moreover, cardiovascular medication appeared insufficiently protective as lower levels of high-density lipoprotein and more HTPR were observed in patients with events despite adequate medication adherence.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Kremers B, Daemen J-, ten Cate H, Spronk H, Mees B, ten Cate-Hoek A. Characterisation of Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease at Increased Risk for Cardiovascular Events and Mortality [abstract]. Res Pract Thromb Haemost. 2021; 5 (Suppl 1). https://abstracts.isth.org/abstract/characterisation-of-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease-at-increased-risk-for-cardiovascular-events-and-mortality/. Accessed September 24, 2021.
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