Background: In the direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) era, extended anticoagulation after 6-12 months of treatment is an attractive strategy in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). Real-life data on the clinical benefit of DOAC over time is lacking.
Aims: The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of DOACs in patients with acute VTE treated for variable periods.
Methods: Data on patients with an objective diagnosis of acute VTE treated with DOACs were included in prospective cohort study. Study outcomes were recurrent VTE and major bleeding (ISTH definition).
Results: Overall, 934 patients were included (mean age 67.0±16.0, male gender 51.4%). Three-hundred and forty-six patients had a deep vein thrombosis (37.0%), 98 (10.5%) had isolated pulmonary embolism and 490 (52.5%) had both. One-hundred and sixty-nine patients (18.1%) had an active cancer, 59 (6.3%) a history of cancer and 365 patients (39.1%) an unprovoked VTE. During DOAC treatment (mean 21.6 months), 7 recurrent VTEs and 25 major bleedings occurred. In 546 and in 98 patients, DOAC was continued with full and reduced doses, respectively. In 290 patients (43.8% unprovoked, 13.8% active cancer, 42.4% associated with non-cancer risk factor), anticoagulants were withdrawn (average treatment duration 8.8 months) and 22 recurrent VTEs occurred over a follow-up off-treatment period of 31.9 months. In these patients, 2 episodes of major bleeding were observed. Overall, 201 patients died; fatal PE occurred in 4 and fatal bleeding in 1 patient. Time course for recurrent VTE according to 2019 ESC risk for recurrence is reported in the Figure.
Conclusions: In this cohort study, DOACs showed a good risk to benefit profile in the extended phase after an acute VTE event.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Vinci A, Vedovati MC, De Natale MG, Pierpaoli L, Di Filippo F, Agnelli G, Becattini C. Effectiveness and Safety of DOACs for the Prevention of Recurrent VTE: A Prospective Cohort Study [abstract]. Res Pract Thromb Haemost. 2021; 5 (Suppl 2). https://abstracts.isth.org/abstract/effectiveness-and-safety-of-doacs-for-the-prevention-of-recurrent-vte-a-prospective-cohort-study/. Accessed November 29, 2023.
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