Abstract Number: PB0246
Meeting: ISTH 2021 Congress
Background: COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) is associated with High rates of thrombosis in hospitalized patients leading to varying pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis use based on rapidly changing societal guidance,institutional protocols from local expertise, and geographic patterns of practice.
Aims: To assess the efficacy and safety of enoxaparin in hospitalized patients with moderate to severe COVID-19 infection.
Methods: Phase II single-arm interventional prospective study including all patients treated with the study drug and an observational prospective cohort study including all patients screened for receiving the study drug but not included in the phase II study. Each patient was followed-up for a minimum of 90 days after COVID19 diagnosis. Patients included in the interventional study received subcutaneous enoxaparin in a single daily dose of:60 mg once daily in case of body weight of 45 to 60 kg 80 mg per day in case of weight from 61 to 100 kg or 100 mg once daily in case of bodyweight >100 kg for 14 days, with dose adjustments on the basis of anti-factor Xa activity monitoring. Patients included in the observational cohort received standard thrombo-prophylaxis with subcutaneous enoxaparin 40 mg/die. Primary outcomes were all-cause in-hospital 30-day and 90 mortality rates. Secondary outcomes were the proportion of patients in the severe or critical stage of disease at the end of treatment, proportion of patients who developed major and non-major bleeding events and thromboembolic complications, time to first negative RT-PCR on nasofaringeal swab, reduction of viral load in blood.
Results: Recruitment of 100 patients enrolled phase II single-arm interventional prospective study has been completed, while the recruitment of 200 patients in the observational prospective cohort study is ongoing.
Conclusions: Full results will be available by June 2021
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Cosmi B, Giannella M, Re CM, Cristini F, Bignami EG, Montineri A, Testa S, Casari S, Grandone E, Rozzini R, Tacconelli E, Castagna A, Di Perri G, Salvetti M, Stella A, Viale P. Enoxaparin in COVID-19 Moderate to Severe Hospitalized Patients (INHIXACOV19) [abstract]. Res Pract Thromb Haemost. 2021; 5 (Suppl 2). https://abstracts.isth.org/abstract/enoxaparin-in-covid-19-moderate-to-severe-hospitalized-patients-inhixacov19/. Accessed December 10, 2023.
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