Abstract Number: PB1024
Meeting: ISTH 2021 Congress
Background: Pulmonary thrombosis is a major complication associated with high morbidity. Despite advances in diagnosis and treatment, the pathophysiology of pulmonary thrombosis remains incompletely understood. New clinical evidence suggests that in situ platelet activation resulting in enhanced procoagulant activity may promote pulmonary thrombosis. Improved understanding of the etiological mechanism would enable the development of new therapies for pulmonary thrombosis.
Aims: To elucidate the contribution of αIIbβ3-dependent platelet procoagulant activity to the pathophysiology of pulmonary thrombosis.
Methods: Collagen and thromboplastin (TF) were administered intravascularly (IV) to C57BL/6 (WT) mice and the pulmonary microcirculation was visualized using quantitative fluorescence intravital fluorescence lung microscopy (qFILM). Fluorochrome-conjugated anti-mouse CD49b Ab and dextran was administered IV for in vivo staining of circulating platelets and visualization of blood vessels, respectively. Pulmonary thrombosis was defined as occlusion of blood vessels with platelet aggregates leading to pulmonary ischemia. Additionally, quantitative microfluidic fluorescence microscopy (qMFM) was used to study the effect of platelet αIIbβ3 inhibition on platelet procoagulant activity in human blood under vascular mimetic flow conditions.
Results: Collagen and TF triggered dose-dependent pulmonary thrombosis in mice in vivo, which involved development of platelet-rich thrombi in the pulmonary arteriolar bottlenecks (junction of pulmonary arteriole and capillaries), resulting in a transient ischemia in the arteriole and the down-stream capillary tree. The pulmonary arteriole thrombosis triggered by IV collagen or TF was protracted, lethal and completely abrogated following IV administration of αIIbβ3 receptor inhibitor (eptifibatide). Inhibition of platelet αIIbβ3 also significantly reduced platelet procoagulant activity, fibrin formation and thrombus formation in human blood flowing through microfluidic channels ex vivo.
Conclusions: Our current findings suggest that αIIbβ3-dependent platelet procoagulant activity promotes pulmonary thrombosis. Both our models have potential application in investigating the molecular determinants of pulmonary thrombosis in diverse pulmonary disorders as well as evaluating efficacy of new antithrombotic drugs.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Brzoska T, Kaminski TW, Vats R, Tutuncuoglu E, Gladwin MT, Sundd P. Integrin αIIbβ3 Regulates Platelet Procoagulant Activity in the Lung [abstract]. Res Pract Thromb Haemost. 2021; 5 (Suppl 1). https://abstracts.isth.org/abstract/integrin-%ce%b1iib%ce%b23-regulates-platelet-procoagulant-activity-in-the-lung/. Accessed September 16, 2021.
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