Background: Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading preventable cause of death following surgery or hospitalization. Risk-stratified thromboprophylaxis is the key to reducing VTE rates, including pulmonary emboli. However, globally, VTE risk awareness in the community is low.
Aims: We aimed to pilot an educational program intended to empower the community to understand VTE risk assessment.
Methods: The Caprini Risk Score (CRS) is a comprehensive list of 40 thrombosis risk factors validated in more than 5 million patients. To empower patients to participate in informed decision-making, we disseminated the validated patient-friendly CRS to the community. Electronically, the CRS and a letter with epidemiological facts were distributed to high school students by two classmates (PS, SG) with instructions to share among relatives as a snowball distribution. The data was collected for one month.
Results: A total of 1,219 responses were received from friends, family members, members of the Global Thrombosis Forum from residents in Florida, Georgia, and Missouri. Family history of blood clots was reported in 268/1219 (22.0%) of respondents. 59.4% were ≤ 41 years of age, 28.5% had a BMI >25, 10.4% were hospitalized for infection, and 10.7% reported swollen legs during the past month. The substantial incidence of certain co-morbidities in the group (almost 60% of whom were young) emphasizes the importance of individual risk assessment. The majority of patients had a baseline score in the high-risk category.
Conclusions: Using community-based strategies utilizing school endorsement and word of mouth snowball marketing can empower the community to participate in shared decision-making about their VTE risk. The next step of the “Know Your Score project” is to measure the effectiveness of educational methods in the community and integrate the CRS into the respondent’s medical record.
To cite this abstract in AMA style:Shetye P, Gavankar S, Saadaldin H, Tafur A, Caprini J. Using the Caprini Risk Score to Increase VTE Awareness in the Community. The Know Your Score Project [abstract]. Res Pract Thromb Haemost. 2021; 5 (Suppl 2). https://abstracts.isth.org/abstract/using-the-caprini-risk-score-to-increase-vte-awareness-in-the-community-the-know-your-score-project/. Accessed December 3, 2021.
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